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重燒鎂砂企業靠廉價勞力之路將越走越窄 Reburned magnesite enterprises will be narrower and cheaper by relying on cheap labor

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重燒鎂砂企業靠廉價勞力之路將越走越窄 Reburned magnesite enterprises will be narrower and cheaper by relying on cheap labor

發布日期:2017-06-01 00:00 來源:http://www.hakatayanoodle.com 點擊:

重燒鎂砂企業靠廉價勞力之路將越走越窄

重燒鎂砂企業完善企業社會責任體系,多在提高產品附加值和質量上下功夫,而不是單純憑借低廉的勞動力以低成本取勝。

對于“血汗工廠”的稱呼,很多的中國企業并不認同,甚至有時會稱為貿易壁壘的陰謀。誠然,中國商品確實遇到不公正的對待,但是不假思索地都統稱為壁壘,那絕對是言過其實?!把构S”并非中國獨有,遭遇國際社會抵制的,也并非僅是中國的“血汗工廠”。

“血汗工廠”的出現原因是復雜的。

廉價勞動力一直是中國的優勢,但是勞動密集型產業并不等同于產業價值鏈的Z低端。其實看看被稱為“血汗工廠”的中國少數企業,賴以生存的支柱就是跨國公司的訂單??鐕究隙ㄒ笥玫蛢r的產品來保證自己的利潤,在跨國公司低價采購的壓力下“逼迫員工超時工作”、“降低職工應有福利”的,成為一些企業主保證自身收益的重要手段。

玩具業便是一個例子。雖然國際玩具制造業協會明年推行的社會責任商業守則純屬自愿性質,但國際巨頭的參與使得自愿變成了強制。生產企業不遵守就拿不到訂單,但是遵守規則就意味著原本微薄的利潤變得更加微不足道,一些企業已經驚呼“滅頂之災”。在媒體的報道中,我們可以看到玩具廠商的利潤來源就是加工費,工人的待遇和企業的利潤成了兩難選擇。在這種情況下,增加工人待遇不再是一個簡單的道德問題,而是一個產業問題。

和玩具業一樣,中國的生產企業很多時候都是跨國公司的“打工仔”,處于附加值較低的產業價值鏈低端。被視為“血汗工廠”,被要求承擔社會責任,這給中國的勞動密集型企業提了一個醒:賺取加工費的贏利模式已經難以為繼了。

社會責任已經是一個全球性的標準,中國企業該好好補一補課了。比如我們常說的社會道德責任標準,不少中國企業總認為這是西方世界強加給中國的東西。實際上,這個簡稱為SA8000的東西只是一個民間認證,是廣泛的國際認可使得這個民間規則變成世界性.

Reburned magnesite enterprises will be narrower and cheaper by relying on cheap labor

Re-burned magnesite enterprises improve their corporate social responsibility system and work hard to improve the added value and quality of their products, rather than relying on low-cost labor to win at a low cost.

Many Chinese companies do not agree with the term "sweatshop", and sometimes they even call it a conspiracy to trade barriers. It is true that Chinese products have encountered unfair treatment, but they are collectively referred to as barriers without hesitation, which is definitely an exaggeration. The "sweatshop" is not unique to China. It is not only China's "sweatshop" because of resistance from the international community.

The cause of the "sweatshop" is complicated.

Cheap labor has always been China's advantage, but labor-intensive industries are not the same as the lowest end of the industrial value chain. In fact, looking at a few Chinese companies known as "sweatshops", the backbone of survival is orders from multinational companies. Multinational companies definitely require low-cost products to ensure their own profits. Under the pressure of multinational companies 'low-cost procurement, "forcing employees to work overtime" and "reducing employees' due benefits" have become important means for some business owners to ensure their own profits .

The toy industry is an example. Although the Social Responsibility Business Code to be implemented by the International Toy Manufacturing Association next year is purely voluntary, the participation of international giants has made voluntary become mandatory. Production companies can't get orders if they don't comply, but complying with the rules means that the meager profits have become even more insignificant, and some companies have exclaimed "the disaster." In media reports, we can see that the source of profit for toy manufacturers is processing fees. The treatment of workers and the profits of the company have become a dilemma. In this case, increasing workers' treatment is no longer a simple moral issue, but an industrial issue.

Like the toy industry, Chinese production companies are often "wage earners" of multinational companies and are at the low end of the industrial value chain with low added value. Being regarded as a "sweatshop" and being asked to take on social responsibility, this reminded labor-intensive enterprises in China that the profit model of earning processing fees is no longer sustainable.

Social responsibility is already a global standard, and Chinese companies should make up for it. For example, we often talk about the standard of social moral responsibility. Many Chinese companies always think that this is something imposed on China by the western world. In fact, this thing referred to as SA8000 is just a folk certification, and it is the widespread international recognition that makes this folk rule universal.


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